SECRET - List of Coded Words

The military has used codes and ciphers for years, but the use and complexity of codes skyrocketed during World War I.

Ruses and Snares

Training Circular No. 21 “Ruses and Snares of the Enemy when Retreating” was used by the 77th Division at Camp Upton in early 1918 to train soldiers before going to France.

War Brides of the Great War

The term ‘war brides’ originally referred to women who quickly married before their husbands left for military service.

Portrait of John Lewis Barkley

John Lewis Barkley was a U.S. Army Medal of Honor recipient of World War I, for his valiant action in fighting holding off two German attacks with a captured machine gun.

Lusitania Medals

On May 7, 1915, the passenger liner Lusitania was sunk by German submarine U-20 in British waters. Of the passengers, 1,198 drowned, including many women and children and 124 U.S.

Nov. 11, 1918

On Nov. 11, 1918, after more than four years of horrific fighting and the loss of millions of lives, the guns on the Western Front fell silent.

Women’s Suffrage

When the 19th Amendment took effect on Aug. 18, 1920, it followed over a century and a half of activism by and for women.

All Saints Day & All Souls Day

While Halloween is widely celebrated in the United States, for many people in Europe the two days following Oct. 31 are publicly and privately more significant.

Grace D. Banker

Grace Banker was the Chief Operator of the U.S. Signal Corps’ women telephone operators.

Edith Cavell

Edith Cavell was a British nurse who operated a medical clinic and nursing school in Brussels at the start of the war in August 1914.

Women in World War I

At the outset of World War I, women in the United States did not have the right to vote in national elections and could not serve in the military.